Hoover Alabama Ranks #16
on list of best city for single moms.
For most single mothers, it would seem that the bigger the city, the better the opportunity—more jobs, better public transportation systems and a larger community for support.
But a NerdWallet survey based largely on U.S. Census Bureau data has found places outside America’s largest cities seem to offer more for single moms to thrive: social stability, economic opportunity and affordable child care.
The growth of single-parent families in the U.S. is well documented and deeply debated. Less discussed is what kind of communities are best at supporting the nearly 25 million children being raised primarily by one parent. To find out, NerdWallet analyzed U.S. communities with populations of more than 50,000 residents against several key factors that affect single mothers the most.
Our analysis sets out to answer three main questions:
Can a single parent make enough to cover rent (or mortgage) and child care? As every working parent knows child care costs are astronomical. So we considered each community’s median income, median housing costs and average day care costs for an infant and a 4 year old. We found wide variations in average day care costs from state-to-state using a 2013 study by Child Care Aware of America and the Child Care Resource and Referral (CCR&R).
Is the community stable? Poverty is a major issue for single-parent families. The census estimates that nearly half of all families living with single mothers (who make up nearly 85% of single parents) are living in poverty. We gave more weight to communities such as Towson, Maryland, which had the lowest number of single mothers below the poverty line—just 4%. The city with the highest number of single mothers below the poverty line was Delano, California, near Bakersfield. There, 68.2% of all single mothers are raising their children below the poverty line.
Can single parents have a decent quality of life? We also looked at other key quality-of-life indicators for single moms: commuting times (knowing that longer commutes can raise child care costs and hurt quality family time,) the overall strength of schools—based on data from Greatschools and whether you would be likely to find other families with similar structures for support.
And what about dads? NerdWallet took the same methodology and swapped in data points relevant to single fathers. There were some limitations, since census data doesn’t count the percentage of single fathers living below the poverty line, but our analysis still offered some insight into the lives of single fathers. Check out our list for single fathers.
Trends and takeaways:
- Single families represent a major demographic shift for communities everywhere. The number of families with children under 18 headed by single parents in 1960 was 8.2%. By 2012, 28% of all U.S. children lived in a home headed by single parents, according to census data.
- Income opportunity and stability are major concerns for single parents: Nearly half of all the 20 million children living with one parent live below the poverty line, according to 2013 census data.
- The city with the highest percentage of single fathers versus the entire population in our data set was Hanford, California at 2.1% of total population.
- The city with the highest percentage of single mothers versus the entire population was Camden, New Jersey at 7.9% of total population.
For more information on the full ranking click here.